Backwardness of Women Leads to Backwardness of the Nation

Backwardness of Women Leads to Backwardness of the Nation


The progress and development of a nation depend heavily on the empowerment and participation of its women. Unfortunately, women in many societies continue to face various forms of backwardness that hinder their individual growth and, ultimately, contribute to the overall backwardness of the nation. This essay will explore the different aspects of women’s backwardness, discuss its impact on the nation, identify the causes, and suggest recommendations for improvement.

Different Facts of Women’s Backwardness:

Women’s backwardness manifests in various ways, each contributing to their overall marginalization and hindrance to personal growth. These factors collectively create an environment that restricts women from reaching their full potential and participating actively in societal development.

  1. Illiteracy: A large number of women around the world lack access to quality education. Illiteracy prevents women from acquiring knowledge, skills, and opportunities for social and economic advancement. It perpetuates a cycle of dependency and limits their potential contributions to society.
  2. Economic deprivation: Women face significant economic disparities, including lower wages, limited job opportunities, and unequal access to resources and financial services. This economic deprivation prevents women from achieving financial independence, restricts their ability to support themselves and their families, and perpetuates gender inequality.
  3. Malnutrition: Women often suffer from inadequate nutrition due to cultural practices, limited access to nutritious food, and discriminatory practices within the household. Malnutrition negatively impacts women’s health, their ability to bear healthy children, and their overall well-being.
  4. Limited role in decision making: Women are frequently excluded from decision-making processes at various levels, including the family, community, and national levels. Their voices and perspectives are marginalized, preventing them from actively participating in shaping policies and programs that affect their lives and the development of their communities.
  5. Sexual harassment: Women face pervasive sexual harassment and assault in various spheres of life, including the workplace, public spaces, and even within their own homes. This harassment creates a hostile environment, restricts women’s freedom of movement, and undermines their sense of safety and dignity.
  6. Domestic violence: Domestic violence is a prevalent issue that affects women across all social strata. Physical, emotional, and psychological abuse within intimate relationships deprives women of their basic rights, compromises their physical and mental well-being, and perpetuates a culture of violence and inequality.
  7. Early or childhood marriages: Many girls are forced into early or childhood marriages, depriving them of education, personal development, and the opportunity to make choices about their own lives. Early marriages often result in limited opportunities for women, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and gender inequality.
  8. Excessive pregnancies: Women in certain regions face societal pressure and lack of access to reproductive health services, leading to excessive pregnancies. Multiple pregnancies negatively impact women’s health, increase maternal mortality rates, and limit their ability to participate fully in social and economic activities.

These facts of women’s backwardness highlight the urgent need to address gender disparities, promote women’s rights, and create an inclusive society that values and empowers women. By tackling these challenges, societies can unlock the potential of women, leading to the overall development and progress of nations.

Does Backwardness of Women Lead to Backwardness of the Nation?

Undoubtedly, the backwardness of women has far-reaching consequences for the nation as a whole. It results in a morally weak society characterized by crimes, corruption, favoritism, ineptness, incompetence, and drug addiction. Moreover, the economic stability of the country suffers, leading to a decrease in GDP, exports, tax revenue, and a rise in inflation and poverty. Additionally, the health of the nation is adversely affected due to the poor knowledge of hygiene, nutrition, and ways to stay healthy. The issue of overpopulation also arises, posing further challenges for development. Furthermore, the image of the country is tarnished due to the deteriorating conditions faced by women.

Causes of Women’s Backwardness:

The causes of women’s backwardness can be attributed to various factors, including religious, political, social, and economic aspects. The following are some key causes that contribute to the marginalization and limited progress of women:

  1. Religious Causes:

   – Negative role of so-called religious leaders: In some cases, religious leaders propagate regressive ideologies and norms that restrict women’s rights and opportunities for advancement.

   – Misinterpretation of religious injunctions: Misinterpretation or selective interpretation of religious teachings often reinforces gender inequalities and discriminatory practices.

   – Less consideration of Ijtihad in Muslim states: The lack of flexible interpretation and adaptation of religious laws (Ijtihad) in certain Muslim states can impede women’s empowerment.

  1. Political Causes:

   – Lack of political will: The absence of strong political commitment and prioritization of women’s rights and empowerment hinders progress in addressing gender disparities.

   – Poor or insufficient legislation: Inadequate or ineffective laws and policies fail to adequately protect women’s rights and promote their inclusion and empowerment.

   – Lack of representation in decision making: Limited representation of women in political and decision-making positions undermines their ability to influence policies and initiatives that affect their lives and overall development.

  1. Social Causes:

   – Illiteracy of men: Low literacy rates among men contribute to a society where women’s educational opportunities are undervalued and restricted.

   – Taboos, customs, and traditions: Cultural norms, practices, and traditions often reinforce gender roles and stereotypes, restricting women’s autonomy and limiting their opportunities for advancement.

   – Security issues: Insecure environments, including high rates of violence against women, limit their mobility and participation in public life, hindering their progress.

   – High rate of childbirth: Early and frequent childbirths, often influenced by societal norms and limited access to family planning resources, impact women’s physical and mental health and hinder their ability to pursue education and economic opportunities.

  1. Economic Causes:

   – Poverty at the domestic level: Economic disparities and poverty affect women disproportionately, limiting their access to resources, opportunities, and services necessary for empowerment.

   – Budgetary constraints at the national level: Insufficient allocation of resources and budgetary constraints limit the implementation of effective programs and initiatives aimed at empowering women.

   – Lack of economic opportunities: Limited access to employment, entrepreneurship, and economic resources further marginalizes women, preventing them from achieving financial independence and contributing to the nation’s economy.

Steps Being Taken for Women’s Empowerment:

At national and international levels, efforts are being made to empower women and address their backwardness. Initiatives such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) prioritize gender equality and women’s empowerment. Laws and policies have been implemented to protect women’s rights, and awareness campaigns have been launched to challenge societal norms. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play a significant role in advocating for women’s rights and providing support and resources.

Recommendations for the Amelioration of Women’s Conditions:

To ameliorate women’s conditions and promote gender equality, it is crucial to implement the following recommendations:

  1. Propagation of the true message of Islam through moderate religious leaders: Encourage religious leaders to promote an interpretation of Islam that upholds the principles of equality, justice, and women’s rights. This can help dispel misconceptions and encourage societies to embrace gender equality.
  2. Enactment and strict implementation of laws:

   – End domestic violence: Introduce comprehensive legislation to protect women from domestic violence, ensuring legal measures are in place to hold perpetrators accountable.

   – Provide security at the workplace: Implement laws and policies that guarantee a safe and harassment-free working environment for women.

   – Control early childhood marriages: Enforce stricter laws and penalties to prevent and discourage early or childhood marriages, ensuring that girls have the opportunity to complete their education and make informed choices about their lives.

  1. Fixation and enhancement of quotas:

   – Elected bodies: Establish and increase quotas for women’s representation in national and provincial legislatures to ensure their voices are adequately heard in decision-making processes.

   – Educational institutions: Implement quotas to promote women’s access to education, including scholarships and reserved seats in educational institutions.

   – Jobs in public and private sectors: Introduce affirmative action policies to increase women’s representation and employment opportunities in both public and private sectors.

  1. Counseling of male members of society: Promote gender sensitization and conduct awareness campaigns targeting men, encouraging them to support and actively participate in women’s empowerment efforts. This can help challenge patriarchal norms and foster supportive attitudes towards gender equality.
  2. Awareness campaigns: Launch comprehensive awareness campaigns to educate the public about women’s rights, gender equality, and the importance of women’s empowerment. These campaigns can help challenge societal norms and promote a culture of inclusivity and gender equality.
  3. Allocation of more budget:

   – Women’s education: Increase budgetary allocations for women’s education, ensuring accessible and quality education for girls and women at all levels.

   – Population control programs: Allocate resources to comprehensive family planning and reproductive health programs to enable women to make informed choices regarding their reproductive health and family size.

   – Soft loans: Provide financial support and access to soft loans for women entrepreneurs to start and expand their businesses, fostering economic empowerment.

   – Women’s health and nutrition: Increase funding for women’s healthcare, including reproductive health services, nutrition programs, and awareness campaigns about hygiene and preventive care.

Some Other Recommendations for the Development of a Nation:

In addition to empowering women, several recommendations can contribute to the development of a nation. A focus on education, allocating more budget for research and development, eradicating corruption, sustaining democracy and political stability, promoting the rule of law, fostering an accountability culture, and devolving power and authority can create an environment conducive to progress.


The backwardness of women has profound implications for the progress of a nation. Addressing women’s backwardness is not only a matter of justice and equality but also a vital step toward the overall development of a country. By recognizing the different facets of women’s backwardness, understanding its impact on the nation, identifying the causes, and implementing the recommended measures, societies can pave the way for a brighter future where women’s empowerment and national development go hand in hand.

Read Also: Women Empowerment: A Key to Societal Progress

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